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What are some guidelines for following a pre-diabetes diet?

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The key guideline for individuals with prediabetes diagnosis is to follow a healthy eating plan that helps manage glucose levels and weight, according to Mayo Clinic. Healthy choices include foods that are nutrient-rich and low in calories and fat, such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains.

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Excess fat and calories spike glucose, or blood sugar, which can lead to serious issues, such as hyperglycemia, states Mayo Clinic. Chronic conditions that impact the kidneys, liver and heart may also arise from high glucose. Focusing on complex carbohydrates, high-fiber foods and fish containing healthy omega-3 fatty acids is the best way to manage blood sugar levels through a healthy eating plan.

Individuals on a diabetic or prediabetic diet plan should avoid or limit saturated animal fats, including fatty meats, such as sausage, ground beef, bacon and hot dogs, states Mayo Clinic. Saturated fat should not exceed 7 percent of daily calories. Prediabetic individuals should eliminate trans fats, shortening and margarine from their diets. Trans fats are generally present in baked goods and processed foods.

Additionally, prediabetics must manage levels of cholesterol and sodium, says Mayo Clinic. High-fat dairy and other animal proteins, including egg yolks, liver and shellfish, are common sources of cholesterol. No more than 300 milligrams of cholesterol and no more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day is a healthy guideline.

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