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What are the guidelines for a diabetic diet?

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Quick Answer

According to WebMD, a healthy diabetic diet requires one to closely monitor blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates have a great impact on blood sugar, and it is recommended to track how many are consumed daily.

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What are the guidelines for a diabetic diet?
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Full Answer

Health Central states that a diabetic should eat foods high in fiber and whole-wheat grains. Fats and proteins should be limited in a diabetic diet. The glycemic index ranks a variety of foods and is used to measure carbohydrates, as well as how these foods impact glucose levels in the body, explains the American Diabetes Association. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. The University of Maryland Medical Center defines type 1 as an autoimmune disorder in which the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is commonly found in obese people. It means that the body is unable to respond correctly to insulin, which increases blood sugar levels. Those diagnosed with type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a regular basis, whereas those diagnosed with type 2 can typically avoid insulin injections by exercising and monitoring glucose levels. To monitor these levels, one must use a hemoglobin testing machine and a drop of blood. Prior to eating a meal, glucose levels should measure between 70 and 130 milligrams per deciliter, and post meal eating levels should be below 180 milligrams per deciliter, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.

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