Green light laser prostate surgery is a treatment in which a laser fiber is utilized to shrink the prostate, which in turn helps to encourage healthy urine flow, according to Melbourne Bladder Clinic. The laser fiber travels through a tube instrument called a cytoscope and aimed inside the prostate gland.
Green light laser therapy shrinks the size of the prostate by vaporizing the overgrown tissue that hinders urine flow, states American Medical Systems. The surgery can usually be performed on an outpatient basis, and patients are typically released within an hour or two following the procedure. Potential side effects include urinary frequency due to urethral irritation, bloody urine and bladder inflammation. Patients who are fitted with urinary catheters during the procedure are typically required to wear the device for 24 hours following the surgery.
An enlarged prostate gland, also referred to as benign prostate hyperplasia, is a common condition that affects approximately one-half of men aged 60 and over and 90 percent of men aged 85 and older, notes WebMD. The enlargement is caused by over-production of prostate cells that eventually cause a narrowed urethra. Symptoms of the condition include urinary straining and urgency, urinary frequency and a constant dribble of urine. Men with enlarged prostates may also find themselves waking up in the middle of the night multiple times to use the bathroom.