Granulocytopenia is a conditions that results in low neutrophils production by bone marrow as a result of bone marrow diseases such as large granular lymphocyte leukemia and myelodysplasia, malnutrition, autoimmune disorders, certain drugs, and genetic disorders, as MedlinePlus explains. Chemotherapy and preparatory procedures for bone marrow transplants are other possible causes of granulocytopenia. The condition may also occur when the rate of white blood cell production in the body is slower than the rate of destruction.
Granulocytopenia is also known as agranulocytosis or as granulopenia, and it commonly causes infections and high body temperatures, according to MedlinePlus. It is advisable to seek medical help when the symptoms persist to allow for early diagnosis and treatment of the condition. To diagnose granulocytopenia, a doctor orders a blood differential test, which is a blood test that helps determine the quantity of various types of white blood cells in the blood.
After the diagnosis, the doctor recommends a treatment option that suits the underlying cause of the condition, such as advising the patient to cease taking a certain drug if it is causing the condition and prescribing medications that enhance the body's ability to produce white blood cells. In most cases, addressing the underlying condition reverses the condition.