How Is Gout Pain Treated?


Quick Answer

Gout pain is treated with colchicine, corticosteroids and over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, explains Mayo Clinic. Drugs that block uric acid production and increase uric acid excretion help prevent future attacks. Allopurinol and febuxostat are xanthine oxidase inhibitors, which reduce the production of uric acid in the body.

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Full Answer

Probenecid is a medication that increases the kidneys’ ability to remove uric acid from the body. Its side effects include rash, stomach pain and kidney stones, according to Mayo Clinic. Gout is caused by an accumulation of uric acid in the joints. Uric acid is produced from the breakdown of purines, which are substances found in the body and certain foods.

Risk factors for gout include a diet that consists of large quantities of red meat, seafood and sweetened beverages, obesity, certain medical conditions and a family history of gout, describes Mayo Clinic. Certain medications also increase the risk of gout and include thiazide diuretics and low-dose aspirin.

The symptoms of gout include intense pain in the joint of the large toe and pain in the wrists, feet, ankles and knees, explains Mayo Clinic. After the initial pain subsides, patients report feeling a lingering discomfort in the joints that lasts a few days to weeks. The affected joints can become red and swollen, and patients may experience a decreased range of motion.

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