Ways to prevent stroke include controlling health conditions, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol and quitting smoking, according to WebMD. Assessing risk factors helps an individual identify specific changes that can make the greatest impact on reducing stroke risk.
High blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease and diabetes are health conditions that contribute to stroke risk, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Medication and lifestyle changes to manage those health conditions help reduce the risk of stroke.
A healthy diet and exercise help prevent strokes, notes WebMD. Those healthy lifestyle changes also help manage weight, which is another factor in stroke risk. Being overweight increases the risk of the health conditions that often increase the risk for stroke. A minimum of 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise on most days is beneficial. Heart-healthy foods low in sodium, cholesterol, saturated fats and trans fats make a healthy diet base.
Smoking and drinking alcohol are two other habits that may cause strokes, says the CDC. Cigarette smoke in particular is a high risk factor for stroke. People who smoke should stop to decrease the likelihood of having a stroke. Limiting alcohol consumption to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women keeps blood pressure lower, which also reduces the risk of stroke.