Recommended treatment options for jaw pain associated with temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, collectively known as TMJ disorders, include non-invasive therapy. As of 2015, supplemental clinical data is required to establish the safety and efficacy of irreversible treatments for TMJ disorders, notes the United States National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR).ï»¿
Pain is a classic symptom of TMJ disorders, specifically in the jaw joint and masticating muscles. Temporary use of non-prescription pain relievers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may help alleviate discomfort in the jaw area, states the NIDCR. For severe pain, anti-depressants and muscle relaxants may be prescribed.
Self-care strategies can also ease jaw pain from TMJ disorders. Patients are generally advised to consume soft foods, use cold packs, keep jaw movements to a minimum, learn relaxation techniques and exercise the jaw gently. Stabilization splints or bite guards may also be worn to provide relief from jaw pain.