Typical treatment for fire ant bites includes washing the area around the bite with soap and warm water before bandaging. Ice packs can alleviate pain, and topical ointments, such as over-the-counter steroid creams, reduce itching and pain, as stated by Healthline.
After a week, fire ant bites go away if the reaction is mild, notes Healthline; however, anyone can develop allergies to fire ant stings, particularly those who have been stung in the past. A severe allergic reaction to fire ant bites can be deadly. If someone has difficulty swallowing or breathing or develops dizziness or nausea after the fire ant bite, it is important to call 911 for emergency medical treatment immediately. Anaphylaxis may have set in, and if that is the case, the medical staff at the emergency room can provide a desensitizing injection to protect against similar reactions if the patient receives another sting. In the emergency room, a prescription steroid ointment and/or oral corticosteroid can treat the reaction as well, states the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology.
Because of the itching that fire ant bites cause even in normal reactions, people are tempted to scratch the bites; however, that can lead to infection, states the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology. In addition to ice packs, if the itching causes discomfort, an oral antihistamine can ease the situation as well.