A diabetes meal plan should be low in calories and saturated fat but high in fiber and healthy carbohydrates, with a particular emphasis on whole grains, fruits, vegetables and heart-healthy fish, states Mayo Clinic. The diet depends on proper portion control to control blood sugar and manage weight.
A diabetes diet mirrors closely with one designed for general healthy eating, as managing weight helps diabetics control blood sugar and improve the severity of the disease, according to Mayo Clinic. If an individual is diabetic or prediabetic, his doctor may recommend consulting a dietitian to help manage the disease.
This plan should include healthy carbohydrates in the form of whole fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products, as these foods assist in breaking down blood glucose, explains Mayo Clinic. Next, the plan includes foods that are high in fiber such as nuts, legumes and wheat bran to control blood sugar levels. Although a diabetic diet avoids foods that are high in trans or saturated fat, it does sparingly include foods containing good fats such as almonds, avocados, and peanut or olive oils. Dietitians recommend eating heart-healthy fish such as salmon or tuna twice a week. These foods are high in omega-3s, which improve heart health by lowering blood fats.
A proper seven-day diabetic plan should include all of these foods but properly portioned. For diabetics, carbohydrate regulation is particularly important, according to Mayo Clinic. Overall, the plan should be between 1,200 and 2,000 calories per day, depending on age, height, weight and activity level. Diabetics can use a food list or tracker to properly plan meals and regulate their disease.