The different types of meningitis require different treatments, explains Mayo Clinic. Bacterial meningitis is treated with intravenous antibiotics and cortisone medications, while viral meningitis is treated with bed rest, drinking lots of liquids and over-the-counter pain medications. Antiviral drugs treat viral meningitis caused by the herpes virus.
Mayo Clinic notes that fungal meningitis is treated with antifungal medications, and chronic meningitis is treated by addressing the underlying cause. To relieve cancer-related meningitis, doctors treat the cancer causing the problem.
Mayo Clinic defines meningitis as an inflammation of the meninges that surround the spinal cord and brain. Common symptoms associated with meningitis include fever, headache and a stiff neck. To prevent complications, early treatment is critical.