Carbohydrates are an integral part of the diet of a type 1 diabetes patient because of the way they are converted into glucose in the body, states BootsWebMD. The amount of carbohydrates needed varies depending on how much a person weighs, his age and his level of activity.
Generally, a diabetes diet should encompass plenty of fruits and vegetables, and low consumption of fats and sugar, advises Boots. For example, butter and fatty meat possess saturated fats that are harmful to the health of a diabetic. Olive oil, chicken and lean meat, oily fish, skimmed and semi-skimmed milk, low-fat spreads and reduced fat cheese are healthier choices.
Foods that are high in fiber, such as whole grain breads, cereals and fruits, are a healthy choice, notes BootsWebMD. Beans, lentils and chick peas in particular do not disturb the level of blood glucose.
A diabetic should also moderate his intake of sugar and sugary foods, recommends BootsWebMD. Salt, on the other hand, should be cut down to less than 6 grams a day, which is approximately 1 1/2 teaspoons. This helps to manage blood pressure and reduce heart risks. It is also advisable that the patient avoids "diabetic food," which is low in sugar but contains calories, fats and artificial sweeteners.