Good knee pain relief options include surgery, therapy and taking certain medications, according to Mayo Clinic. Resting, applying ice and compressing the knee may also relieve the pain. Raising the knee with a pillow may reduce swelling and alleviate pain.
A person suffering from knee pain can do exercises to strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee and maintain stability, explains Mayo Clinic. Individuals with osteoarthritis can use arch supports to move the pressure to the less affected side. Braces may support the knee and protect it from further injury.
Prescription medications can aid in alleviating symptoms associated with gout or rheumatoid arthritis, Mayo Clinic notes. Naproxen, acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be bought over the counter to relieve the pain, and sufferers can apply capsaicin and lidocaine cream to sooth pain. They can also take a corticosteroid injection to counter the pain.
Placing an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas on the affected area for at most 20 minutes per day can aid in reducing the symptoms, advises Mayo Clinic. Compression prevents fluid from accumulating in the tissues and helps the knee to balance.
A patient with knee pain may go for a complete knee replacement surgery, partial knee replacement surgery or arthroscopic surgery depending on the severity of the problem, according to Mayo Clinic. In partial surgery, the doctor only removes the destroyed part, while in arthroscopic surgery, the doctor uses a fiber optic camera to treat the problem.