Knee exercises for arthritis include the half-squat, the leg stretch and the hamstring stretch, according to Healthline. Walking and water exercises also help increase muscle strength, bone strength and knee flexibility.
Before performing knee exercises, patients must apply a warm towel or hot pack to knee muscles and joints for at least 20 minutes to prevent injury and soreness, states Mayo Clinic. Patients must perform exercises slowly at first, and apply ice to knees afterwards to reduce joint swelling.
Because patients do not need exercise equipment to complete knee exercises, patients can perform these exercises at home or when traveling, suggests Healthline. Patients must perform knee exercises five days per week for at least 30 minutes each day. When performing knee exercises regularly, patients experience reduced pain and stiffness within four to six weeks.
Patients typically experience mild pain and discomfort when first performing knee exercises, claims Healthline. Patients must seek medical attention if the pain worsens or continues for more than one or two days.
Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis affect knee joints and muscles, according to Healthline. People over the age of 40 typically suffer from osteoarthritis, while women over the age of 30 are more likely to suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. Obesity is a common trigger for both types of arthritis.