Diabetics and those managing hyperglycemia should follow a diet that focuses on whole foods and limits sugar, according to Healthline. A diet that emphasizes foods with a low glycemic index such as beans, nonstarchy vegetables, steel-cut oats and stone-ground wheat helps to stabilize blood sugar, unlike carbohydrates with a higher glycemic index such as white rice, popcorn, white bread, pumpkin and instant oatmeal. Exercising portion control is an important aspect of managing glucose levels.
Healthy choices for diabetics managing hyperglycemia includes foods that are high in fiber such as fruits, nuts, wheat bran, peas and lentils, according to Mayo Clinic. Fish is generally lower in saturated fat and cholesterol than high-fat meats, and salmon, tuna, mackerel and bluefish provide heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, which help lower triglycerides. Other good sources of fat are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated, which are found in foods such as avocados, walnuts, olives and almonds. Oils such as peanut, canola and olive oil can help lower cholesterol.
Cholesterol from high-fat dairy products, animal proteins, eggs, shellfish and organ meats should be limited to 300 milligrams per day, states Mayo Clinic. People should limit sodium intake to less than 2,300 milligrams per day and keep saturated fat reduced to under 7 percent of total daily calories. Healthy fats should be eaten in moderation as they contain a high number of calories. It's important to completely avoid trans fats, which are found in baked goods, processed snacks, margarine and shortening.