Good foods for a diabetes diet include moderate quantities of healthy carbohydrates, unsaturated fats, heart-friendly fish and foods that are rich in fiber, according to Mayo Clinic. A diabetic should cut down on the intake of sodium, saturated fats and trans fats.
Diabetes makes arteries clog and harden, thus triggering stroke and heart disease, so controlling diet plays an important role in reducing symptoms of the disease, explains Mayo Clinic. Whole grains; legumes, such as peas and beans; fruits; and vegetables are good sources of both carbohydrates and fiber. Fiber controls the levels of blood sugar and reduces chances of heart disease developing.
Diabetics should eat avocados, walnuts and olives, which contain healthy fats, advises Mayo Clinic. Pecans, peanut oils and olive oils may also aid in reducing cholesterol levels, which may be dangerous for people with diabetes. The patient can eat tuna, halibut and cod fishes instead of high-fat foods, such as poultry. Fish that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, including mackerel, salmon and sardines, aid in lowering triglycerides.
A person suffering from diabetes should avoid mercury-rich and fried fish, according to Mayo Clinic. Meats and related products, egg yolk, or shell fish contain dangerous fats. The recommended amounts of sodium and cholesterol intake is 2,300 milligrams and 300 milligrams per day. The patient may consult a dietitian before creating a diet plan.