Patients recovering from hip replacement undergo various exercises and stretches to prevent the formation of blood clots, such as simple leg bends and ankle rotations, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Later stages of recovery require additional standing and walking exercises to further strengthen the hip and back.
Exercises for the early recovery phase include ankle pumps, buttock contractions, straight leg raises and knee bends. These are most often performed in a patient's immediate surroundings, such as within his bed and hospital room, explains the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. As a patient continues his recovery process, he is prescribed additional movements by his surgeon or supporting nurse according to his capabilities. The goal is for a patient to advance through increasingly difficult exercises to regain his full mobility and joint functioning.
Later exercises include standing movements such as hip extensions, knee raises and hip abductions, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. These are most often performed with the assistance of a chair to provide added support to a patient's sense of balance.
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, patients should be able to walk a bit around their hospital room before leaving the premises. It is not uncommon for patients to require the use of a cane or crutches for several weeks or months. The final stage of recovery commonly requires months of dedicated physical therapy and includes resistance band training, the use of exercise equipment, stair climbing and prolonged periods of walking.