Eating smaller, more frequent portions and avoiding foods that increase the production of stomach acids can alleviate symptoms and reduce susceptibility to the bacteria that causes esophageal ulcers, states Mayo Clinic. Foods that increase the production of stomach acids include fried and fatty foods, chocolate, and peppermint.
Caffeine, citrus fruits, tomatoes and salt also increase the production of stomach acids, according to WebMD. Patients should also reduce alcohol consumption, which can both increase the likelihood of developing ulcers and exacerbate their symptoms. As a preventative measure, doctors also recommend not smoking and reducing the intake of over-the-counter pain medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen, both of which have been linked to ulcers.
An ulcer in the esophagus is a rare type of peptic ulcer, a type of sore that forms on the lining of the digestive tract, most typically in the stomach and intestine, says Mayo Clinic. These ulcers can cause pain and bloating, particularly between meals and at nighttime, according to WebMD. Ulcers can also cause nausea and vomiting and, in more serious cases, blood in vomit and stools, weight loss, and severe pain. Though ulcers typically heal on their own, patients should seek treatment to prevent serious health problems such as gastrointestinal blockage and perforation of the stomach lining.