A good diet plan for high cholesterol includes reducing saturated fat in meat and poultry, incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables, increasing fiber and whole grains, using liquid vegetable oils in place of solid fats, and lowering dairy fats. A heart-healthy diet plan helps individuals manage blood cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
The American Heart Association recommends a diet plan that emphasizes poultry and limits red meat. Some methods of reducing saturated fat in meat include selecting lean cuts of meat with visible fat, buying choice or select grades rather than prime, trimming all visible fat from meat before cooking, broiling rather than pan-frying, and limiting processed meats such as sausage, bologna, salami and hot dogs.
Fish is low in saturated fat and can be fatty or lean. Choose oily fish such as salmon, trout and herring, which are high in omega-3 fatty acids. Prepare fish baked, broiled, grilled or boiled. Also, try meatless meals such as vegetables or beans. Cook vegetables in 1 to 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil. Add herbs and spices for taste. Replace the oil in muffin, cookie, cake and snack bar recipes with pureed fruits and vegetables. For sauces and gravies, let the cooking liquid cool then remove the hardened fat. Or, use a fat separator to pour off the good liquid from cooking stock.