Gout is a painful form of arthritis that occurs in joints and is caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals. To reduce the severity and frequency of attacks, follow a diet that limits foods and beverages containing high levels of purines, which the body metabolises into uric acid. Animal proteins are high in purines. Foods to limit include bacon, beef, pork, lamb, liver, kidneys and game meat, as well as anchovies, sardines, herring, mackerel and shellfish.Continue Reading
The big toe is the most common location for a gout attack, but it can also develop in the ankle, knee, wrist or fingers. According to Prevention.com, most gout patients are men over age 40. Obesity is also a risk factor for gout. It rarely afflicts younger woman and typically occurs in women only after menopause. The Mayo Clinic recommends cutting back on fat intake because saturated fat lowers the body's ability to eliminate uric acid.
Alcohol also interferes with uric acid elimination, especially beer. Avoid all alcohol in the middle of an attack but drink plenty of fluids, particularly water, to stay well-hydrated. Fructose is the only carbohydrate known to increase uric acid, so avoid beverages sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup, such as soft drinks and fruit drinks.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets