A good liver disease diet includes appropriate amounts of calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates to control the symptoms of the condition, according to Drugs.com. Individuals with a liver disease should eat four to six small meals daily to obtain the nutrients they need.
Eating a varied, balanced diet that also includes an adequate amount of protein is essential for liver disease patients who want to maintain a healthy weight, notes Drugs.com. Dietitians typically provide a personalized eating plan that suits a patient’s needs and type of liver disease. Foods rich in protein include meat, fish, turkey and chicken. Milk, eggs, cheese and peanut butter are also good sources of protein.
Pasta, rice, bread, cereal and grains are some foods containing carbohydrates, says Drugs.com. It is essential for people with liver disease to control their consumption of carbohydrates, as liver disease can lead to very high or very low blood sugar levels. Dietitians may also recommend eating less fat, as some patients with a liver disease find it hard to digest and absorb fat.
Anyone who's body retains fluids should reduce the amount of sodium consumed and avoid high-sodium foods, such as table salt, bacon, canned vegetables, frozen dinners and soups, suggests Drugs.com. It is also important for individuals who experience swelling to drink less liquids. Patients should refrain from alcohol consumption altogether, as it can worsen a liver disease.