A diet consisting of high-protein, low-fat meals that are more frequent and smaller in size helps fight acid reflux. While people react to foods differently, determining which foods cause acid production helps shape a shopping list, as stated by WebMD.
A diet that limits consumption of fatty acids and emphasizes portion control is healthy for everyone. However, people suffering from heartburn can especially benefit from these changes. For many people, fatty foods trigger acid reflux or make an existing case worse. Citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges, tomatoes and tomato products such as salsa and marinara sauce, mint, onions, garlic, and chocolate have all caused acid reflux, notes WebMD.
Cutting out beverages such as alcohol, carbonated sodas, coffee, tea and other drinks that contain caffeine also help to fight acid reflux. People who lose weight do not have abdominal fat pushing against the stomach, interfering with the movement of acid. People who stop smoking have less acid going into their stomach and less interference with the stomach muscles that keep acid in there instead of cycling back into the esophagus. Stopping food consumption at least two hours before bedtime allows digestion to take place before the body lies down parallel with the esophagus, according to WebMD.