The carbohydrate-counting diet plan and the create-your-plate technique form a good basis for diabetic diet food plans, according to the American Diabetes Association. Diabetics may also choose their foods based on an organized food lists system, suggests Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
The carbohydrate-counting food plan involves establishing an appropriate amount of carbohydrate intake with the help of a health care professional, advises the ADA. The individual puts together daily meals to fit the ideal carbohydrate intake by reading food labels and estimating the carbohydrate content of various foods.
The create-your-plate food plan focuses on delegating portion sizes for different types of foods, according to the ADA. The individual fills half a dinner plate with non-starchy vegetables, a quarter of the plate with starchy foods or grains, and the remaining quarter of the plate with protein-rich foods. The meal may also include small amounts of fruit, dairy and healthy fats along with a low-calorie drink such as water or sugar-free coffee.
The food lists system divides potential food choices into categories such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats, providing a foundation for meal planning, explains Mayo Clinic. Individuals should consume a balance of nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, fish and nuts in appropriate portions across these categories, while limiting their intake of sodium, cholesterol, trans fats and saturated fats. A dietitian can combine different meal-planning methods to create a diabetic diet food plan that suits a patient's individual needs.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets