WebMD recommends applying ice to bruised areas to reduce the bruising and swelling. The ice needs to be wrapped in a cloth to protect the skin and should be applied for no longer than 15 minutes at a time. Elevating the bruise and resting also promote healing.Continue Reading
According to WebMD, switching from ice packs to heat applications through a warm washcloth or heating pad helps speed healing. Tylenol does not speed healing, but it relieves pain associated with a bruise. Patients should avoid taking ibuprofen or aspirin because these medications increase bleeding.
Bruises occur when blood vessels under the skin break from bumping into something, being struck by something and occasionally strenuous exercise. Blood seeps out of the damaged vessels and pools under the skin forming a discolored patch. MedlinePlus states that elevating the bruised area above the heart keeps blood from pooling. Icing the bruised area constricts the blood vessels to minimize bleeding. Switching to heat applications after a couple of days encourages blood flow to the area to help the body reabsorb the dead blood cells that caused the discoloration.
MedlinePlus states that attempting to drain a bruise does not help healing. It recommends against continuing with vigorous activity or ignoring the bruise symptoms. If bruises occur without a reason or are accompanied by a fever, MedlinePlus recommends seeing a doctor for further care.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises