A healthy 2,000-calorie meal plan for a diabetic is low in fat and adequately manages the amounts of carbohydrates and protein in order to control blood glucose, according to Drugs.com. Glucose, or blood sugar, comes from carbohydrates and is a major source of energy for the body.
Meal plans should be balanced to include approximately eight servings of fruits and vegetables each day, states the American Diabetes Association. Carbohydrates should make up approximately 45 percent of overall calories and be spread across breakfast, lunch, dinner and two snacks throughout the day. The ADA recommends between 45 to 60 grams of carbohydrate per meal and between 10 and 25 grams per snack. Saturated and trans fats should be replaced as much as possible with heart-healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.
Other targets for a healthy diabetic meal plan include monitoring daily cholesterol, which should be 300 milligrams or less, states the American Diabetes Association. Cholesterol is produced in the body; however, some food sources, such as shrimp and eggs, may be required for a balanced diet. Many people don't get adequate amounts of fiber, which can be consumed through plant-based foods such as nuts, whole grains, vegetables and fruits. Women require 25 grams per day, and men need 38 grams. Too much sodium causes hypertension, and sodium intake should be no more than 2,300 milligrams per day.