Q:

What are some goals people can set to help manage diabetes?

A:

Quick Answer

Three goals are necessary to manage diabetes, according to the National Diabetes Education Program. The first goal is learning whether the condition is Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and what medications are needed to address the condition. Goals two and three promote healthy diet and exercise programs.

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Full Answer

It is important to know the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The body does not make enough insulin with Type 1 diabetes. A person with Type 1 diabetes needs insulin every day to live. With Type 2 diabetes, the body does not make proper use of available insulin. Medication and diet are needed to control Type 2 diabetes, reports the National Diabetes Education Program. Management of both types includes close monitoring of blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels,

Eating properly is essential for control of diabetes, reports the National Diabetes Education Program. Meal plans that control portion size and deliver proper nutrition contain grains, protein, vegetables and fruit. Menu selections should be low in calories, fat, sugar and salt. Water is a better choice than sugared juices or soda.

Physical activity is the third goal for diabetes management, summarizes the National Diabetes Education Program. A two-prong approach involves short walks three times per day, with gradual extension of distance. Building muscle strength is essential. Pushups, free weights, stretch bands, yoga, or digging and planting a garden are excellent approaches. Moving more promotes weight loss, strength and proper insulin uptake.

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