A complete physical examination for an adult male includes an examination of the head and neck, abdominal area, skin and nails, extremities, genital area, prostate, and neurological components, according to WebMD. The physician also gathers the patient's medical history and checks his vital signs, heart and lungs.
During an annual physical examination, the doctor generally checks the patient's blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and respiration rate, as stated by WebMD. A stethoscope is often used to check for a heart murmur, an irregular heart beat, wheezing and decreased breathing. The doctor has the patient open his mouth to check the tonsils, teeth and gums, and he may also check the sinuses, nose, ears and lymph nodes. The abdominal exam may include feeling the size of the liver and checking for abnormal sounds, while the extremities exam includes checking for joint problems or sensory changes.
The doctor may check for testicular cancer and other conditions by feeling the testicles for lumps or tenderness, and he may examine the penis for signs of sexually transmitted infections, according to WebMD. The doctor performs a prostate exam by inserting a finger into the rectum to feel the size of the prostate. The neurological portion of the exam may test mental state, balance, reflexes and nerve function. Some doctors may choose to order a urinalysis, blood count or other lab tests.