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What is Fuchs dystrophy?

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Quick Answer

Fuchs' dystrophy is a condition that causes swelling in the cornea, states Mayo Clinic. Patients may experience cloudy vision, eye discomfort or glare. The condition usually occurs in both eyes and can result in worsening vision over time.

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Full Answer

Cells lining the cornea usually help balance fluids in the cornea, but in Fuchs' syndrome, these cells die off or do not function properly, explains Mayo Clinic. Fluid subsequently builds up in the cornea, resulting in corneal thickening. Fuchs' syndrome can be inherited. It is more common in women and in people over 50.

Most patients with Fuchs' syndrome have the condition only mildly and do not notice much change in vision, according to Mayo Clinic. More symptoms appear as the condition progresses. These include blurred vision, distorted vision, sensitivity to light, a cornea that appears hazy and blisters on the cornea.

Certain ointments and drops can help reduce corneal fluid, explains Mayo Clinic. Soft contact lenses can also help by smoothing out swelling. Patients who have advanced cases of Fuchs' syndrome may require surgery. In one surgery, a physician replaces the back of the cornea with healthy donor tissue. In another surgery, a physician replaces the entire cornea with a cornea from a donor.

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