What Fruit Would Be Restricted on a Potassium-Restricted Diet in End-Stage Renal Disease?


Quick Answer

Fruits that people with end-stage renal disease should avoid include bananas, melons, tomatoes and pumpkins. In addition to these fruits, patients on potassium-restricted diets should also avoid or limit potatoes, beans, winter squash, spinach and milk.

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Full Answer

People in end-stage renal disease, who are on dialysis, cannot process potassium. These people need to avoid or limit fruits and other high-potassium foods in order to prevent life-threatening conditions such as hyperkalemia-induced arrhythmia. It is possible to leach some high-potassium foods to remove much of the potassium, making them safer to consume; patients should seek a medical opinion before trying it.

Fruits that are low in potassium and generally safe on a potassium-restricted diet include apples, cherries, grapefruit, pears and pineapple. Although a potassium-restricted diet is usually necessary for individuals in end-stage renal disease, a patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis may actually need to take a potassium supplement or increase his intake of potassium-rich foods. Because each person has different dietary requirements, it is important to discuss which foods to eat and which to avoid, as well as how much of each food is safe to consume, with a doctor.

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