The treatment for frequent urination in the night, or nocturia, depends on its cause. Treatments for common nocturia include behavioral changes, such as drinking less liquids in the hours leading to bedtime, elevating legs during the day, and wearing compression socks. Medication may also be prescribed, but only in extreme cases with other possible complications.
Nocturia has been linked to obesity and sleep apnea. Everyday Health states that 50 percent of sleep apnea sufferers experience frequent urination at night, as of 2015. In these cases, nocturia can be prevented by losing weight and seeking treatment for sleep apnea, such as using sleeping aids and devices.
Age, however, is one of the most common causes of nocturia, notes Healthline. An anti-diuretic hormone is usually produced by the body at night in order to suppress the need to urinate. The production of this hormone can decrease naturally with age. Age-related nocturia cannot be prevented, but patients may simply be recommended to void their bowels right before bed.
Pregnant women may also acquire nocturia because of weaker-than-usual pelvic floor muscles. When this is the case, exercises to strengthen these muscles, such as Kegel exercises, may help. The National Library of Medicine notes that nocturia can be a symptom of more serious diseases such as urinary tract or bladder infection, chronic kidney failure, diabetes or heart failure. These diseases require treatment plans that may also directly or indirectly address the nocturia. Medication, such as anti-cholinergics, may also be prescribed to prevent muscle spasms that cause urination.