Nerve pain is associated with symptoms and sensations described as burning, tingling, crawling, electric shocks, and pins and needles, according to WebMD. Individuals suffering from unexplained nerve pain, or idiopathic peripheral neuropathy, may experience numbness in the hands and feet. Numbness may occur unnoticed if no pain is present. Nerve pain can occur when there is no stimulation or as a result of touch or pressure. It is often worse at night, commonly interfering with sleep.
A variety of conditions can cause nerve damage, including celiac disease, HIV, trauma, Lyme disease and certain medications, as WebMD indicates. Studies show a high percentage of individuals who suffer from either metabolic syndrome or prediabetes also experience nerve pain. As of 2015, the exact cause of the correlation is not definitive, but experts suggest that is may result from elevated blood sugar levels. Individuals who experience nerve pain should be checked for high blood pressure and cholesterol, and they should consult a doctor about any medications or supplements they are taking.
Treating nerve pain starts with getting enough sleep, regular exercise and proper foot care, as WebMD explains. Exercise such as daily walking expands the blood vessels and rejuvenates the nerves over time. If nerve pain is affecting the feet, wearing comfortable shoes is key. Patients should also inspect the feet regularly and visit a podiatrist.