Foods rich in vitamin K include spinach, mustard greens, kale, Brussels sprouts, parsley and beet greens. Kale has one of the highest percentages of vitamin K, while Brussels sprouts are much lower in the nutrient. Vitamin K is often found in green, leafy vegetables.Know More
Vitamin K is essential for aiding the body in the process of blood clotting. There are three essential types of vitamin K: K1, K2 and K3. K1 is found mostly in plant foods as it's required for the process of photosynthesis. K2 is a combination of K1 and K3 produced by interactions with micro-organisms and bacteria. K2 has also been known to be created naturally in the human body through a special conversion that takes place between K1 and K3. Unless the plant has been altered by micro-organisms, bacteria or fermentation, K2 isn't common in plant foods.
Of the 12 proteins required for the blood clotting process, four need vitamin K in order to become active. A vitamin K deficiency is more common in newborns because the vitamin can't properly travel from the placenta to the fetus. The deficiency is less common in healthy adults, appearing primarily in individuals who have a gastrointestinal or liver disease.Learn more about Nutritional Content
Leafy green vegetables, such as spinach, kale and mustard greens, are the best sources for vitamin K. Other vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, cabbage, asparagus and broccoli, are also good sources.Full Answer >
Foods that are low in carbohydrates include nonstarchy vegetables, such as salad greens, asparagus and Brussels sprouts, and low-sugar fruits, such as berries. Additionally, meat, poultry, fish, seafood and eggs are low in carbohydrates. Some types of nuts, seeds and dairy products are also low in carbohydrates.Full Answer >
Consuming large amounts of kale, spinach, Brussels sprouts and parsley is not advised during warfarin treatment, states WebMD. Because they contain high levels of vitamin K, these foods decrease the effectiveness of warfarin. Avocados, alcohol, margarine, mayonnaise and grapefruit juice should also be avoided, states Indiana Hemophilia & Thrombosis Center.Full Answer >
Foods that do not contain vitamin K include many types of meat, seafood and poultry, grain products, such as cornmeal, quinoa, spaghetti, rice, egg noodles, English muffins, macaroni and corn tortillas, many types of mushroom, fruits such as oranges, starfruit, apple juice and lemons, and assorted items including sesame seeds, coconut, almonds, peanuts, sunflower seeds, Brazil nuts and macadamia nuts. Use of the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin) is a common reason to adhere to a diet free of vitamin K.Full Answer >