Foods containing sulfites, such as beer, wine, dried fruits, and processed potatoes, are known to trigger asthma attacks in some people, according to WebMD. If an asthma sufferer has a food allergy, exposure to foods containing the allergen can induce an asthma attack or cause asthma-like symptoms, explains HowStuffWorks Health.
Allergic asthma is triggered by inhalation of substances that cause allergies (including foods containing allergens), and this induces asthma symptoms, according to the Asthma and Allergy Association of America.
Sulfite-based food colorings, flavorings and preservatives trigger asthma in some people, notes Everyday Health. Specifically, consumption of foods containing sodium bisulfite, potassium bisulfite, sodium metabisulfite, potassium metabisulfite or sodium sulfite have been linked to asthma attacks. WebMD notes that beer, wine, pickled foods, and foods such as shrimp, dried fruits and vegetables, bottled lemon and lime juices, and processed potatoes, tend to contain sulfites and preservatives that may cause asthma attacks.
While food allergies characterized by respiratory distress are a separate condition from asthma, exposure to food allergens can trigger asthma attacks, according to HowStuffWorks Health. WebMD reports that asthma symptoms triggered by food allergies are considered a part of food-induced anaphylaxis and lists eggs, cow's milk, peanuts and tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish, salads, and fresh fruit as the most common allergy-triggering foods.