An individual with type 2 diabetes should avoid foods high in fat and salt, according to WebMD. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure; therefore, it is important to avoid or limit foods known to cause these diseases, such as saturated fat, trans fat and salt.
Milk, cheese, beef and baked goods are foods that are high in saturated fat, so it is important to monitor the intake of these foods and choose low-fat options. Lean cuts of meat and low-fat dairy are healthy choices for individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Baking, broiling, grilling or roasting food as opposed to frying it helps diabetics maintain a low-fat diet, according to WebMD.
Type 2 diabetes increases the risk for high blood pressure, which is why it is important to limit salt intake, WebMD explains. Diabetics should limit or avoid salty foods such as pickled foods, most condiments unless specifically low salt, packaged soups, processed meats and olives.
Foods that diabetics can enjoy that decrease the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease are foods that are high in fiber, as reported by WebMD. These foods include brown rice, bran, fresh fruits and vegetables, cooked dried beans and peas, and whole-grain foods.