Foods that tend to increase the discomfort of ulcerative colitis include dried beans, nuts, dairy products, refined sugar and spicy foods, according to WebMD. Caffeine, alcohol and carbonated beverages may also make symptoms worse.Continue Reading
Legumes and beans can be problematic because of the high fiber content that causes excess gas, according to Health.com. Smaller portions, thorough rinsing and pureeing may help to alleviate some of the side effects. Like beans, some vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and celery, may cause excessive gas and bloating. Dairy foods can be troublesome, particularly for those who also suffer from lactose intolerance. Whole nuts and seeds should be avoided, although when finely-ground as in nut butters, they may be less problematic.
It's important to avoid foods that do not digest completely in the body, such as corn, mushrooms and roughage, states Health.com. Foods that run though the digestive tract without fully breaking down can cause diarrhea and gas in those suffering from colitis. It is also helpful to choose leaner cuts of meat and chew thoroughly to assist with the breakdown process. Those who suffer from colitis should also stay away from rich, creamy foods with a high-fat content, such as Alfredo sauce; chocolate, which contains sugar, fat and caffeine; and sodas, carbonated beverages and artificial sweeteners, which increase gas production.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets