Foods that fight acid reflux, or heartburn, include bananas, melons, oatmeal, bread, green vegetables, lean proteins, rice, couscous, egg whites, fish and potatoes. All of these foods are relatively low in acids, and eating them reduces the amount of acid present in the stomach, notes WebMD.
Bananas and melons are different from most fruits in that they have a relatively low acid content. Watermelon, honeydew and cantaloupe all are types of melons that help ease acid levels, and bananas are one of the most convenient snack foods to ease acid reflux. Oatmeal contains a lot of soluble fiber, which soaks up acid as well as unhealthy fats and cholesterol, carrying them through the colon and out as a part of stool, according to WebMD.
Rice and couscous are complex carbohydrates that take some time to digest, having a soothing impact on the digestive system. Stick with brown rice because it has more fiber than the white variety. When choosing bread, go for the whole grain variety for the same reason. Vegetables such as cauliflower, broccoli, celery, green beans and asparagus are all low in acid. Lean protein sources, potatoes and any other root vegetable besides onion all help to fight acid reflux, as stated by WebMD.
With regard to meat and poultry, the right portion and cooking method must be considered. People with acid reflux should choose lean or low-fat portions of meat and poultry. Steaming, grilling, broiling or roasting are the preferred cooking methods because they don't require the addition of too much oil, which greatly contributes to acid reflux. Grilled, baked or poached fish, without the fatty sauces, are safe to eat, states WebMD. Potatoes and other root vegetables are also non-acidic. Egg whites are low in acid, but the yolk is prone to cause acid reflux.
Alternative herbal remedies for acid reflux include chamomile, licorice and slippery elm, states Mayo Clinic.
People with acid reflux should avoid certain trigger foods, such as high-fat meat, high-fat sweets, full-fat dairy products and chocolate, according to Healthline.