Individuals with liver disease should avoid foods high in protein and sodium, according to MedlinePlus. Limiting protein intake also limits toxic waste product buildup, and reducing sodium intake prevents the worsening of liver swelling and fluid buildup. Examples of specific foods with high sodium content include condiments, cold cuts, dairy products and canned vegetables and soups, explains the National Liver Foundation.
The American Liver Foundation suggests avoiding fast food meals and fried foods. People with liver disease should also avoid eating undercooked or raw clams and oysters. In addition to avoiding certain foods, individuals with liver disease should also avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, advises the National Liver Foundation.
Foods to eat include those high in fiber, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, rice, whole grain breads and cereal, notes the American Liver Foundation. Patients should also drink a lot of water to stay hydrated and help the liver function better.
A moderate amount of fat and foods high in carbohydrates are also recommended for people with liver disease, states the National Liver Foundation. Healthy livers create glycogen from carbohydrates, and the glycogen is used by the body for energy. Since damaged livers cannot create glycogen, liver disease patients should consume additional carbohydrates to ensure the body has enough energy.