Patients with liver problems should avoid or limit consumption of sodium, liquids and alcohol, according to Drugs.com. Sodium-rich foods include table salt, soups, frozen dinners, packaged snacks and canned vegetables. Deli meats, sausage, bacon and teriyaki sauces also contain high amounts of sodium.
A low-sodium diet is advisable for patients whose bodies are retaining fluids, which causes swelling, states Drugs.com. It also helps to reduce the intake of liquids, including water, juice, soda and milk. It's also important to limit consumption of gelatin, ice pops and soups.
A liver disease diet allows a patient to obtain adequate nutrients to control the symptoms of the disease, explains Drugs.com. Doctors recommend eating different types of foods and maintaining a healthy weight. They also suggest eating four to six small meals with sufficient amounts of protein and carbohydrates each day. One large egg, a cup of milk, and 3 ounces of fish, chicken, turkey or pork are good sources of protein, while grains, cereal, pasta and bread are rich in carbohydrates.
Before restricting or avoiding intake of certain foods, it is essential to consult a dietitian, as the proper diet for a liver disease patient depends on the type of disease and the presence of other health conditions, notes Drugs.com. Those who fail to maintain a liver disease diet may experience aggravating symptoms or develop complications.