Following a specialized diet to control and minimize gout attacks includes limiting foods high in uric acid, according to Mayo Clinic. For example, patients with gout should avoid alcohol, foods with high amounts of saturated fat, high-fructose corn syrup, simple carbohydrates and sugary drinks.
Gout sufferers should eat a low-fat diet heavy in plant-based proteins, according to Mayo Clinic. Gout sufferers should avoid refined carbohydrates such as white bread and candy to minimize uric acid production. They should also avoid animal proteins high in purine, such as organ meats, herring, anchovies and mackerel.
Experts suggest limiting the inclusion of beef, lamb, pork, fatty fish, tuna, shrimp, lobster and scallops to a maximum of 4 to 6 ounces per day to minimize gout symptoms. Limiting alcohol during attacks is key to minimizing the symptoms, and reports show that beer is linked to gout attacks, according to Mayo Clinic.
WebMD specifically lists oatmeal, wheat bran, wheat germ, gravy and game meats as foods that gout sufferers should avoided or eat in low quantities because they produce uric acid. Moreover, gout sufferers should attempt to maintain or reach a healthy body weight because evidence shows that obesity is highly linked to gout, according to WebMD.