Raw fruits and vegetables, fibrous choices such as oranges and broccoli, high-fat foods, alcohol and carbonated beverages are items that patients with gastroparesis should avoid, according to Mayo Clinic. Soups and pureed foods are better choices than solid foods, and patients should eat well-cooked fruits and vegetables.
It is best for individuals with gastroparesis to eat small, frequent meals accompanied by water and take a walk after eating, notes Mayo Clinic. Relaxing before eating, eating slowly, and waiting three hours before lying down are often helpful practices, adds WebMD. If diabetes is the cause of the gastroparesis, individuals can eat hard candy or a glucose tab to raise blood sugar quickly if it is too low. Antiemetic medications delivered through transdermal skin patches, as well as ginger, can help treat the nausea and vomiting of the condition. Doctors often prescribe motility agents that help the stomach empty more efficiently.
While more studies are needed, acupuncture appears to help some individuals with gastroparesis, reports Mayo Clinic. Hypnotherapy, biofeedback, and acupressure may also provide relief. In severe cases in which the patient can tolerate no ingestion of food or liquid and blood sugar levels require control, health care workers may insert a feeding tube into the small intestine, pass it through the nose or mouth, or insert it through a chest vein.