Whole grains, coffee, cinnamon, vegetables and fish are good foods for diabetics who are trying to manage high sugar levels, according to WebMD. Generally, foods that convert immediately to sugar in the body, such as white bread, should be avoided, while slower-digesting foods, such as brown rice, are better choices.
Certain carbohydrates, including oatmeal and barley, are good choices for diabetics, states WebMD. Most whole grains and carbohydrates that are high in soluble fiber don't spike blood sugar and are more satiating, which helps people to lose or maintain a healthy weight.
Non-starchy vegetables, such as broccoli, green beans and spinach, are low in carbohydrates and have plenty of fiber, notes WebMD. Starchy vegetables, including corn, peas, potatoes, squash and lima beans, have more carbohydrates and tend to have a bigger impact on glucose levels; however, they contain essential nutrients. It's important to monitor portions when incorporating these types of foods in a balanced diet.
Lean cuts of meat, fish and skinless poultry are healthy sources of protein and don't impact blood sugar the way carbohydrates do, making them good choices for diabetics, according to WebMD. Salmon is a heart-healthy source of omega-3 fatty acids, which reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke. Additionally, meat contains chromium, which is a mineral that aids in the metabolizing of carbohydrates.