Foods recommended on a sample diabetic diet include healthy carbohydrates, fiber-rich foods, heart-healthy fish and good fats, according to Mayo Clinic. Foods to avoid include those containingsaturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol and sodium.
A diabetic diet should focus on healthy carbohydrates, including whole grains, vegetables, fruits and legumes along with low-fat or fat-free dairy products. Fiber-rich plant foods are also beneficial and can help to control blood sugar levels. Dietary fiber contains some parts that cannot be digested or absorbed by the body, which improves digestion. High-fiber foods include beans, lentils, peas, fruits, nuts, wheat bran and whole wheat flour.
The inclusion of heart-healthy fish in the diet at least twice each week can be beneficial for diabetics. Fish isbetter for the body than high-fat meats. Choose from cod, halibut and tuna, or go for sardines, mackerel and salmon, which are also rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. Steer clear of fish with high mercury levels, such as swordfish.
Some diabetics may benefit from paying special attention to the glycemic index. Foods with a low glycemic load may provide better blood sugar control.
Foods containing good fats, including pecans, olives, avocados and healthy cooking oils are ideal for diabetics. These foods contain polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. However, these foods should be limited, since they have high caloric content.