Medical professionals advise sticking to the BRAT diet to help prevent diarrhea: bananas, rice, applesauce and toast. Sticking with bland foods such as boiled potatoes, lean meat, crackers and pretzels prevents any further bowel irritation. Foods with healthy probiotics such as yogurt also help balance an upset stomach.
Look for foods that contain sodium, potassium or both. Broth, sports drinks like Gatorade and supplemental drinks like Ensure or Pedialyte help replace potassium and sodium along with the water lost during periods of diarrhea. Avoid drinking water with meals as that can exacerbate symptoms of diarrhea. Nutritional supplements like psyllium, pectin and blackberry root bark help ease diarrhea.
When suffering from diarrhea, avoid foods that inflame the stomach and digestive track, including fatty foods, fried foods, high fiber foods and artificial sweeteners. Diarrhea dehydrates the body so avoid diuretic liquids like caffeine and alcohol. Urine should be clear and regular throughout the day. Try to eat smaller meals throughout the day instead of large sporadic meals to prevent diarrhea.
While avoiding inflammatory foods and eating bland foods helps combat the effects of diarrhea, it is necessary to determine which foods or medical conditions are triggering diarrhea. A medical professional can determine the cause of diarrhea to prevent future episodes.