People suffering from pancreatic cancer should limit or avoid foods that are high in animal fat, particularly fatty cuts of meat, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. As of 2015, there is no evidence supporting the impact of specific foods on pancreatic cancer. However, the general recommendation is to follow a healthy diet based on the guidelines set by the American Cancer Society, including a variety of plant-based foods such as whole-grain breads, cereals, rice and beans.
A diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruits and lean sources of protein is a healthy diet for anyone, including those diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, according to WebMD. Studies indicate a correlation between pancreatic cancer and a diet high in protein and smoked or processed meats. Studies are inconsistent as to whether alcohol and caffeine consumption contribute to increased risk, as well as the effect of NSAIDs or aspirin.
While there are no conclusive studies regarding diet for pancreatic cancer treatment or prevention, smokers are twice as likely to develop the disease and quitting smoking reduces risk steadily over the course of 10 to 15 years, states WebMD. Other risk factors include obesity and lack of regular activity or physical exercise. People who follow a regular exercise regime and maintain a healthy weight are approximately 50 percent less likely to develop pancreatic cancer as inactive people.