People with fructose intolerance should avoid high-fructose fruits and fruit juices, including apples, cherries, watermelon, pears and mango. They should also limit consumption of high-fructose vegetables such as sugar snap peas, asparagus and artichokes.
Although most fruits contain fructose, it's not necessary to eliminate fruit completely. When a fruit's natural sugar is made of over 50 percent fructose, it's considered a high-fructose fruit. One should avoid all dried fruits, canned fruits and fruit juices. It may be possible to consume moderate quantities of low-fructose fruits with a meal or spaced out through the day. Low-fructose fruits include bananas, avocados, oranges, cantaloupe and honeydew melon. Berries, such as strawberries and blueberries, are also low in fructose.
Many sweeteners, such as table sugar, contain fructose and are ingredients in many processed foods and beverages. Other sweeteners to avoid include agave syrup, molasses, sorghum, maple-flavored syrup and palm or coconut sugar. Some low-fructose alternative sweeteners include pure maple syrup, brown sugar, stevia, granulated sugar and artificial sweeteners. However, even sweeteners with a low fructose content may cause gastrointestinal problems for people who have fructose intolerance.
Adopting a low-fructose diet sometimes decreases symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, such as abdominal pain, bloating, gas and constipation.