Fiber-rich foods, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, carbohydrates that break down slowly and fish can help Type 2 diabetics control their blood sugar. Weight loss and exercise also help diabetics manage their blood glucose levels, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
Starches and sugars turn into blood glucose as a result of the digestion process. While foods such as white rice, white pasta and white bread all turn into glucose swiftly, sending levels spiking, the carbohydrates found in whole grains, fruits, legumes and low-fat dairy products digest more slowly, sending glucose into the bloodstream at a more measured rate. Dietary fiber works similarly to manage blood sugar levels. Legumes, fruits and vegetables also have a considerable amount of fiber, and so do nuts, wheat bran and whole wheat flour, according to Mayo Clinic.
Managing blood glucose levels is important for diabetics but so is managing cholesterol and fat levels. Fish such as halibut, tuna and cod are lower in fat and cholesterol than poultry and meat, and fish such as salmon, tuna, mackerel and bluefish are loaded with omega-3 fatty acids, which lower triglycerides, fats in the bloodstream. Foods such as pecans, avocados, almonds, olives and walnuts can lower cholesterol levels, but diabetics should eat them in moderation, as fats contain a lot of calories, notes Mayo Clinic.