Xanthan gum is normally found in dairy products, baked goods, canned foods and creamy condiments. It is also used in a number of powdered beverages due to its sweetening properties. Ready-to-eat eateries and frozen food items also contain xanthan gum.
Xanthan gum is an indigestible polysaccharide available in dried powdered form. It is used in food products as a thickener and gelling agent and is produced through bacterial fermentation. Xanthan gum is known for its ability to stabilize different ingredients. Various commercially prepared gluten-free baked products use xanthan gum to make the ingredients stick together and produce a doughy consistency. The recommended concentration for this additive is 0.5 percent. However, it can be used in lower concentrations depending on the type of food.
Xanthan gum is also found in sauces and salad dressings. Its emulsifying properties prevent certain ingredients, such as oil and vinegar, from separating. This give condiments a creamy texture. Mayonnaise, gravy, jams, jellies and ice creams also contain xanthan gum. Apart from food products, this gum is used in medicines and toothpastes as a thickening agent. Moreover, doctors recommend it for diabetes and cholesterol problems, since it has the ability to lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels.