Foods that may contribute to elevated cholesterol levels include trans fats, oil, butter, fatty meats (typically red meat), some fish and poultry, eggs, saturated fats, muffins and processed baked goods. Generally, doctors recommend individuals with high cholesterol avoid foods with high-fat content, regardless of whether fat content comes naturally or from artificial production. Some fats, such as unsaturated fats, produce health benefits, but people with high cholesterol should avoid trans fats and saturated fats as much as possible.
Fortunately, although people with high cholesterol have limited permissible food options, healthy alternatives exist. Top foods to avoid with saturated fat include coconut oil, bacon grease, lard, palm oil and butter. Some people may consume these items in small quantities with few negative effects. For others, using oils with less fat, such as coconut and canola oil, makes a good substitute. Limiting intake of partially hydrogenated oils, found in baked goods, crackers, chips and cookies, helps too, according to WebMD.
Replacing high-fat meats, bologna, salami, pastrami, hot dogs and meat deriving from organs, such as liver, with chicken and lean meats helps to lower high cholesterol. Breads, croissants and other baked goods made with higher than 1 percent milk may raise cholesterol. Low-fat or fat free products make better choices. Lastly, avoiding fast food or choosing low-fat options at restaurants may also control cholesterol.