There are a variety of foods that can cause fecal incontinence or bowel leakage, including dairy products, caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, chocolate and sugar says the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. To figure out which food is causing the bowel leakage, keep a food diary.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases recommends keeping a food diary that lists the foods eaten and incidences of fecal incontinence. Recording information in the food diary helps link the symptoms of bowel leakage with the food causing it. The food diary is also beneficial for a doctor who is treating the condition to link foods to symptoms. Foods that commonly cause fecal incontinence include dairy items, such as milk and cheese, foods and drinks with caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, fatty foods, artificial sweeteners and certain fruits. Other treatments for bowel leakage include medications to control the symptoms of diarrhea and training the bowel to be more regular. This can be accomplished by trying to have bowel movements at specific times of the day. Finally, pelvic exercises can help strengthen the muscles that control bowel movements, which helps improve the control of the bowels. These exercises involve contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles.