Vegans with colitis can still eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, but they should try boiling, baking or steaming them to make the fiber in these foods easier to digest, according to Healthline. Pureeing cooked vegetables and fruits can also help make them more digestible, suggests Everyday Health. Other helpful foods include foods that contain probiotics and foods high in protein. Healthy fats, such as olive and canola oil, are also part of a healthy diet for colitis, notes WebMD.
When experiencing a colitis flare-up, vegans should eat multiple small meals, rather than three large meals to lessen the strain on the intestines, notes Everyday Health. Juicing nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables is also a way for vegans to consume important vitamins without fiber. They should avoid fats during this time. Vegans also should not eat popcorn, nuts and seeds, which are high in fiber and can scratch the interior of the intestine.
Doctors recommend that colitis sufferers avoid dried beans and legumes because they may cause colitis flare-ups, according to WebMD. However, these foods are a good source of protein for vegans, notes Health.com. Therefore, vegans should try eating them in small portions and preparing them in ways to ease digestion. Preparation ideas include removing the skins of some beans and pureeing others into a hummus.
Vegans should consider practicing a low-residue diet when experiencing a colitis flare-up, suggests Health.com. This means skipping foods such as corn, mushrooms, broccoli and cabbage and eating cooked cauliflower, string beans, carrots and sweet potatoes instead.