Eating cherries and foods with complex carbohydrates, taking a daily vitamin C supplement, and drinking lots of water may reduce attacks of gout, says Mayo Clinic. Drinking a moderate amount of caffeinated coffee also may reduce the risk of gout. People who suffer attacks of gout should eat a healthy, balanced diet.
Some specific foods that should be avoided because they contribute to an increased risk of gout flare-ups include certain seafoods, organ meats, high-fat dairy products and saturated fats, and any sugary foods, according to Mayo Clinic. Alcohol should be limited because it dehydrates the body and may increase uric acid production. Daily protein intake from meat should be roughly 4 to 6 ounces.
Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystallizes in joints, explains Mayo Clinic. Uric acid is produced when the body breaks down chemicals called purines. Consequently, some foods that are high in purines should be avoided, but this must be balanced against the requirements of a healthy diet. For instance, beans and lentils have somewhat high purine levels, but they are also a good source of protein. Peas, asparagus, mushrooms, cauliflower and spinach all have high purine levels, but they are part of a healthy diet, and research indicates they don't contribute to gout.